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vsphere_5.1_bootstrap_without_using_windows [2013/02/16 16:54] (current)
Michael Fenn created
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 +====== vSphere 5.1 bootstrap without using Windows ======
 +  - Install ESXi as per normal. ​ Configure the network with "​Configure Management Network"​ in the DCUI F2 menu. Also in the F2 menu, go to "​Troubleshooting Options"​ and enable SSH.  Verify that you can ssh to the hypervisor.
 +  - SSH to the hypervisor and run: <code bash>​esxcli network nic list</​code>​ and check all your NICs.  If they'​re not all there (Solarflare 10GbE for example), we need to get the driver and install it. Download the Solarflare "​Driver CD" from VMware. ​ Paradoxically,​ it's a zip file.\\ \\ To install, first copy the driver from your host: <code bash>​[mfenn@localhost drivers]$ scp -o GlobalKnownHostsFile=/​dev/​null -o UserKnownHostsFile=/​dev/​null root@esxi:/​vmfs/​volumes/​datastore1/​drivers/​
 +Warning: Permanently added '​esxi'​ (RSA) to the list of known hosts.
 +Password: ​                   100%  875KB 875.2KB/​s ​  00:00
 +</​code>​ Then do the rest on the the hypervisor: <code bash> /​vmfs/​volumes/​51102cb6-c62a7e02-7bc8-00259075bb60 # cd /​vmfs/​volumes/​datastore1/​
 +/​vmfs/​volumes/​51102cb6-c62a7e02-7bc8-00259075bb60 # cd drivers/
 +/​vmfs/​volumes/​51102cb6-c62a7e02-7bc8-00259075bb60/​drivers # mkdir sfc-
 +/​vmfs/​volumes/​51102cb6-c62a7e02-7bc8-00259075bb60/​drivers # cd sfc-​
 +/​vmfs/​volumes/​51102cb6-c62a7e02-7bc8-00259075bb60/​drivers/​sfc- # unzip ../​
 +Archive: ​ ../​
 +  inflating:
 +  inflating: sfc.vib
 +  inflating: doc/​README.txt
 +  inflating: source/​driver_source_net-sfc_3.2.1.6082B-1OEM.500.0.0.472560.tgz
 +  inflating: doc/​open_source_licenses_net-sfc_3.2.1.6082B-1OEM.500.0.0.472560.txt
 +  inflating: doc/​release_note_net-sfc_3.2.1.6082B-1OEM.500.0.0.472560.txt
 +/​vmfs/​volumes/​51102cb6-c62a7e02-7bc8-00259075bb60/​drivers/​sfc- # esxcli software vib install -d /​vmfs/​volumes/​datastore1/​drivers/​sfc-
 +Installation Result
 +   ​Message:​ The update completed successfully,​ but the system needs to be rebooted for the changes to be effective.
 +   ​Reboot Required: true
 +   VIBs Installed: solarflare_bootbank_net-sfc_3.2.1.6082B-1OEM.500.0.0.472560
 +   VIBs Removed:
 +   VIBs Skipped:
 +/​vmfs/​volumes/​51102cb6-c62a7e02-7bc8-00259075bb60/​drivers/​sfc- # esxcli system maintenanceMode set -e yes
 +/​vmfs/​volumes/​51102cb6-c62a7e02-7bc8-00259075bb60/​drivers/​sfc- # esxcli system shutdown reboot -r "new driver"​
 +</​code>​ After reboot, verify that the new NICs are present and leave maintenance mode: <code bash>~ # esxcli network nic list
 +Name    PCI Device ​    ​Driver ​ Link  Speed  Duplex ​ MAC Address ​        ​MTU ​ Description
 +------ ​ ------------- ​ ------ ​ ----  -----  ------ ​ ----------------- ​ ----  -------------------------------------------------
 +vmnic0 ​ 0000:​002:​00.0 ​ igb     ​Up ​     100  Full    00:​25:​90:​75:​bb:​60 ​ 1500  Intel Corporation I350 Gigabit Network Connection
 +vmnic1 ​ 0000:​002:​00.1 ​ igb     ​Up ​     100  Full    00:​25:​90:​75:​bb:​61 ​ 1500  Intel Corporation I350 Gigabit Network Connection
 +vmnic2 ​ 0000:​004:​00.0 ​ sfc     ​Down ​     0  Half    00:​0f:​53:​0b:​21:​50 ​ 1500  Solarflare BethpageA0
 +vmnic3 ​ 0000:​004:​00.1 ​ sfc     ​Up ​   10000  Full    00:​0f:​53:​0b:​21:​51 ​ 1500  Solarflare BethpageA0
 +~ # esxcli system maintenanceMode set -e no
 +  -  Now to create a new vSwitch on the 10g for VMs (you can skip this if you are going to use the default vSwitch). <code bash>~ # esxcli network vswitch standard add -P 128 -v vSwitch1
 +~ # esxcli network vswitch standard uplink add -u vmnic3 -v vSwitch1
 +~ # esxcli network vswitch standard portgroup add -p "VLAN 9" -v vSwitch1
 +</​code> ​   If you need to add a VLAN tag to the portgroup (i.e. it's a tagged port at the switch, do this: <code bash>~ # esxcli network vswitch standard portgroup set -p "VLAN 9" -v 9
 +  - Then deploy the appliance with ovftool (this happens on your host, not the hypervisor). <code bash>​[mfenn@localhost Downloads]$ chmod +x VMware-ovftool-3.0.1-801290-lin.x86_64.bundle
 +[mfenn@localhost Downloads]$ sudo ./​VMware-ovftool-3.0.1-801290-lin.x86_64.bundle
 +[sudo] password for mfenn:
 +... GUI APPEARS ... (all defaults is fine)
 +[mfenn@localhost ~]$ ovftool --name=vca --datastore=datastore1 --network="​VLAN 9" /​Downloads/​vendor/​vmware/​VMware-vCenter-Server-Appliance- vi://esxi
 +Opening OVA source: /​Downloads/​vendor/​vmware/​VMware-vCenter-Server-Appliance-
 +The manifest validates
 +Source is signed and the certificate validates
 +Please enter login information for target vi://esxi/
 +Username: root
 +Password: **************
 +Opening VI target: vi://​root@esxi:​443/​
 +Deploying to VI: vi://​root@esxi:​443/​
 +Transfer Completed
 + - Error loading X509 certificate:​ '​Failed to open crt file: /​etc/​ssl/​certs/​ca-bundle.crt'​.
 +Completed successfully
 +  -  Next log into the hypervisor, we are going to set a static MAC for the appliance. Note that 00:50:56 is the VMware blessed prefix for static macs, but you can't use that whole range. ​ I flipped the first octet to 02 to make it a locally administered address. ​ I then generated the last 3 octets based on the IP address (gethostip on the assigned hostname, take the last 3 octects of the hex IP it gives you, and put those in). <code bash>~ # vi /​vmfs/​volumes/​datastore1/​vca/​vca.vmx
 +~ # cat /​vmfs/​volumes/​datastore1/​vca/​vca.vmx | grep ethernet0
 +ethernet0.present = "​TRUE"​
 +ethernet0.virtualDev = "​vmxnet3"​
 +ethernet0.wakeOnPcktRcv = "​FALSE"​
 +ethernet0.networkName = "VLAN 9"
 +ethernet0.addressType = "​static"​
 +ethernet0.address = "​02:​50:​56:​E8:​09:​14"​
 +  - Make sure that the MAC address you just generated will be given an IP via DHCP.  The exact procedure for doing this is site-specific.
 +  - Power on the appliance! ​ (This is on the hypervisor) <code bash>~ # vim-cmd vmsvc/​getallvms | grep vca
 +3      vca   ​[datastore1] vca/​vca.vmx ​  ​sles11_64Guest ​  ​vmx-07 ​   VMware vCenter Server Appliance
 +~ # vim-cmd vmsvc/​power.getstate 3
 +Retrieved runtime info
 +Powered off
 +~ # vim-cmd vmsvc/​power.on 3
 +Powering on VM:
 +~ # vim-cmd vmsvc/​power.getstate 3
 +Retrieved runtime info
 +Powered on
 +  - Browse to https://​vca:​5480/​ to [[vSphere 5.1 Virtual Center (vCenter) Appliance configuration|configure the VCA itself]].\\ Browse to https://​vca:​9443/​vsphere-client/​ to do your normal vSphere thing.\\ The default username/​pass is root/vmware
vsphere_5.1_bootstrap_without_using_windows.txt ยท Last modified: 2013/02/16 16:54 by Michael Fenn